Jum’at Agung dan Kisah Penyaliban

ada tiga versi tentang kisah penyaliban Isa asApabila hari kemarin merupakan hari kelahiran Nabi Muhammad SAW maka hari ini saudara-saudara umat Kristiani tengah merayakan Jumat Agung atau lebih dikenal dalam sistim kalender Indonesia sebagai Hari Wafat Isa Al-Masih.
Membicarakan Jum’at Agung atau wafatnya Yesus Kristus tentulah tidak terlepas dari membicarakan mengenai masalah penyaliban Isa as itu sendiri yang mana kronologis dari peristiwa itu telah dipahami berbeda-beda namun dengan latar belakang yang sama yaitu bahwa kisah penyaliban atas diri Nabi ‘Isa al-Masih putera Maryam itu disebabkan oleh karena terjadinya pengkhianatan diantara para sahabatnya sendiri.

Ada tiga versi cerita tentang seperti apa peristiwa itu telah terjadi. Versi pertama yang diyakini kaum Nasrani adalah bahwa Yesus Kristus telah disalib demi menebus dosa seluruh ummat manusia. Beliau meninggal dikayu salib, dikuburkan lalu tiga hari kemudian hidup lagi dan diangkat Tuhan kelangit.

Versi kedua adalah yang dipercayai main stream ummat Islam bahwa yang disalib itu bukan Isa as melainkan Yudas Iskariot yang telah Allah serupakan sehingga nampak kepada orang yang menangkapnya bahwa itu adalah Isa as sementara Isa as sendiri diselamatkan Allah dengan cara diangkat kelangit.

Versi ketiga adalah yang dipercayai oleh kelompok Muslim Ahmadiyah. Menurut kelompok ini adalah betul yang dipakukan ketiang salib itu Isa ibnu Maryam yang asli, bukan Yudas Iskariot namun beliau as “tidak benar-benar disalib” –dimana seseorang yang akan dipakukan ketiang salib itu dipatahkan dulu setiap persendian tulangnya sedangkan Nabi Isa as tidak, dan waktu penyaliban itu sendiri telah di setting sedemikian rupa sehingga dilakukan hari Jum’at menjelang sore dimana sore harinya karena menjelang Sabbat seluruh pesakitan akan diturunkan dari tiang salib.
Hal ini bisa terjadi dikarenakan si penguasa yang menginstrusikan penyaliban itu sendiri sebenarnya adalah orang yang telah mengimani pendakwaaan nabi Isa as, hanya karena takut kehilangan jabatan-lah yang membuat ia mengikuti desakan ulama Yahudi tersebut.  namun demikian iapun mencari strategi sehingga penyaliban tetap berlangsung namun tidak terlalu membahayakan bagi kehidupan nabi Isa as sendiri.
Saat sore hari diturunkan dari tiang salib nabi Isa dalam keadaan seolah-olah telah wafat padahal beliau hanya pingsan saja. Seorang petugas yang ragu bahwa Isa telah wafat lalu menusuk jantung nabi Isa dengan tombaknya tapi meleset dan mengenai bagian pleura sehingga tidak berakibat fatal. Para murid setianya lalu membawa beliau ke kuburan supaya terkesan bahwa beliau as telah wafat, mereka merawatnya dan beberapa hari kemudian kesehatan beliau as mulai membaik lalu nabi Isa as mengembara kearah timur untuk melanjutkan tugasnya mencari 12 suku Israel yang telah bermigrasi sehingga beliau sampai di Kashmir dan sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam sebuah Hadits Rasulullah Saw beliau wafat dalam usia 120 tahun (Kanzul Ummal jilid IV hal. 160).

Baik ummat Nasrani maupun mainstream Islam sama-sama meyakini bahwa kelak Isa as atau Yesus Kristus akan kembali kemuka bumi. Sementara menurut pemahaman Muslim Ahmadiyah Nabi Isa as telah wafat dan yang datang kemudian itu adalah orang lain yang mengemban tugas sebagaimana halnya Isa as. Jadi yang datang itu adalah “Isa”nya Muhammad bukan “Isa” nya Musa. Dimana Isa as yang dulu itu berasal dari ummat Musa dan dikirim Tuhan untuk meluruskan kembali pemahaman bani Israil ummatnya nabi Musa yang telah melenceng, maka kedatangan “Isa” dikalangan Islam adalah “Isa” dari ummat Muhammad Saw sendiri yang ditugaskan untuk meluruskan kembali pemahaman ummat Islam yang telah terkooptasi oleh pemahaman2 dari luar Islam.

Wallahu’alam

4 Responses to “Jum’at Agung dan Kisah Penyaliban”


  1. 1 zal March 22, 2008 at 5:46 am

    ::jika melihat bentuk yang mewujud, maka kebingungan-kebingngan akan terus berjalan, meski ketenangan ada, namun tidak berlaku permanen, menjadi kedamaian
    perumpamaan, itulah cara Tuhan berkomunikasi, sehingga akan meluaskan maksud, menjadi pedoman yang memedomani, jika memahami Isa, pahamilah sebagaimana sampainya sebuah ayat, sampai bukan sekedar menyebutkan/menuliskan kepada orang lain, namun sampainya kefahaman demi kefahaman bagi diri pribadi, sehingga diri pribadi memiliki keyakinan akan sesuatu,
    sekedar sharing : jika berkenan, renungkanlah,Bunda Maria (Maryam) adalah Bunda Agung, Perawan suci, darinya terlahir Isa, pada Isa ada Rohul kudus, setelah itu ada Muhammad , pada Muhammad ditempatkan Risalah, Risalah yang menjadi Petunjuk, petunjuk bagi yang bertaqwa, inilah Imam yang lurus,
    pada tiap Manusia setelah penyempurnaan kejadian maka ditiupkan “RohKU”, dan ditempatkan “Al Haq”, sesungguhnya “Kebenaran” itu tidak jauh amat dekat bahkan amat-amat dekat lebih dekat daripada urat leher…

  2. 2 wong March 25, 2008 at 2:05 am

    silahkan lihat diskusi dibawah ini ttg wafatnya Isa. Darimana awalnya Ahmadiyah berpendapat Isa telah wafat, apakah pertama kali dasarnya Al-Qur’an ataukah berdasarkan wahyu yg diterima Ghulam Ahmad yd terdapat dlm tadzkirah

    http://z8.invisionfree.com/islamic/index.php?showtopic=81

  3. 3 zefanya siahaan December 7, 2010 at 12:25 pm

    Hay…. saudara2 q, apa yg kln tafsirkan tentang Yesus Kristus ato Nabi Isa Almasih dlm Alquran kln itu adalah salah besar, Yesus Kristuslah ALLAH yg sebenarnya dan yg patut disembah bukan nabi muhammad, karna nabi muhammad adalah manusia biasa seperti kita tidak ada kuasa, tetapi Yesus Kristuslah yg memiliki kuasa atas seluruh dunia, bangsa termasuk atas kln yg beragama muslim, jd mulai skrg bukalah mata rohanimu lebar2, agar qm tau sp yg patut kln sembah, klu saudara tdk percaya cb buktikan sendiri dgn apa yg saudara imani,aq yakin pst tdk akan terjadi mujizat itu dlm hidup saudara krn saudara menyembah manusia biasa yg tdk pny kuasa sedikitpun yaitu nabi muhammadmu itu, jd aq sarankan percayalah kepada Tuhan Yesus Kristus maka hidupmu akan diselamatkan, ini kabar gembira… PERCAYALAAAAHHHH…… GOD BLESS U

  4. 4 Taheer December 14, 2010 at 2:24 am

    Christians believe that the Godhead is divided among three persons: God, the Father; God, the son and God, the Holy Ghost. This they call the Trinity. The fact is that Jesus did not believe in the concept of Trinity. This doctrine is not mentioned anywhere in the New Testament. The entire concept of the Trinity was foreign to the thinking of Jesus and to the early Christians. The early Christians believed Jesus to be someone who was sent by God. The term Trinity, therefore, seemed to have been concocted after the incident of crucifixion. As far as Jesus was concerned, he never commanded any person to worship him or claimed to be God. We cannot find a single reference in the New Testament where he had referred to himself as God or implied that he was God or instructed people to worship him as God. On the contrary we find that he believed in the absolute Oneness of God and he called his followers to worship one God.

    We find that the expression ‘Lord’ was used for him in the Bible but there is no evidence that those who made use of this expression with reference to him believed or meant to convey that he was God. It was used as a synonym for master. Jesus taught people to worship God, the only Lord. When asked “Which commandment is the most important of all?” Jesus replied, “The most important one is this, ‘Listen, O Israel! The Lord, our God is the only Lord. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with your entire mind and with all your strength.’ The second most important commandment is this: ‘Love your neighbour as you love yourself’. There is no other commandment more important than these two.” (Mark: 12; 28 – 31.)

    As for himself, he always looked upon himself as human. According to the Quran he stated, “I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord.” ( Ch. 3;50). It is clear therefore that he was only a Messenger of Allah. The New Testament also confirmed this. Jesus is reported to have said, “I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father Who sent me has commanded me what I must say and speak.” (John 12: 49.) And “What I teach is not my own teaching, but it comes from God, Who sent me.” (John: 7; 16.). He had also said on another occasion, “I have come down from heaven to do not my own will but the Will of Him Who sent me”. (John: 6; 38.). Thus it is clear that he regarded himself as a Messenger of God and not God or son of God.

    The Quran refutes Trinity

    The Quran states: “O People of the Book! Exceed not the limits in your religion, and say not of Allah anything but the truth. Verily, the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was only a Messenger of God and a fulfillment of His word which He sent down to Mary and a mercy from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers, and say not, ‘They are three’. Desist; it will be better for you. Verily, Allah is the only one God. Far is it from His Holiness that he should have a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and sufficient is Allah as a Guardian.” ( Ch. 4; 172.). At another place it states: “And when Allah will say, O Jesus, son of Mary, didst thou say to men, ‘Take me and my mother for two gods beside Allah’? he will answer, ‘Holy art Thou. I could never say that to which I had no right. If I had said it, Thou wouldst have surely known it. Thou knowest what is in my mind, and I know not what is in Thy mind. It is only Thou Who art the Knower of hidden things. I said nothing to them except that which Thou didst command me ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’. And I was a witness over them as long as I remained among them, but since Thou didst cause me to die, Thou hast been the Watcher over them; and Thou art Witness over all things. If Thou punish them, they are Thy servants; and if Thou forgive them, Thou surely art the Mighty, the Wise.” ( Ch. 5; 116 – 118.). It is evident from the above verses that Jesus, when he will be questioned by God on the Day of Judgment, will declare that he did not tell his people to worship anyone but God. The verses also prove that Jesus had died like any other human being. Moreover there are several verses in the Qur’an that prove of the natural death of Jesus Christ after he was saved from the cross, i.e. Jesus, peace be on him, died a natural death before the advent of Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). For example, (3;55), (3;144), (5;75), (5;116,117), (7;25), (16;20,21), (16;70), (19;31), (21;34), (23;50), (25;20), (61;06). There are natural phenomena known to man which are universally understood. We know that the life span of man on earth does not extend beyond a hundred and fifty years or so; certainly not a thousand years or more. This is a common experience relating to the span of human life on earth. This should be applied to the situation enveloping the life and death of Jesus Christ. The laws of nature operate on every human being and spare no one.

    The term ‘son of God’ used for Jesus in the New Testament should not be taken literally; rather it was used metaphorically, meaning someone who is a beloved of God and the one who has a close relationship with Him. In fact the same title has been used in the Old Testament for earlier Prophets. For example it is written that ‘ Israel is My first born son’. (Exodus: 4;22.). At another place it is written about David, “I will make him My first born son, the greatest of all kings.” (Psalms: 89;27.). Similarly God said about Solomon, “He will be My son, and I will be his Father.” (I Chronicles: 22;10.)

    When we read the New Testament we find that the people are mentioned as children of God. The Quran denounces the Christian dogma that Jesus is a son of God. It says: “And they say, ‘The Gracious God has taken unto Himself a son.’ Assuredly, you have done a most monstrous thing. The heavens might well-nigh burst thereat, and the earth cleaves asunder, and the mountains fall down in pieces. Because they ascribe a son to the Gracious God. It becomes not the Gracious God that He should take unto Himself a son.” (Ch.19; 89 – 93.).


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